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Exhibition Catalogue: 200 Years Later

"This reader is being published on the occasion of the event series „200 Years Later…”, commemorating the 200 year anniversary of the official Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Publication date is: 23.11.2008 at the festival ""200 years later"" in Berlin.
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200 Years Later... Commemorating the 200 Year Anniversary of the Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade
Publishers: AfricAvenir International e.V. & Werkstatt der Kulturen
Editor: Nadja Ofuatey-Rahal
ISBN: 978-3-9812733-0-4
Price: 15€
Order: 200jahre@africavenir.org
Dear Readers,
The year 2008 marks the bicentennial of the official abolition of the Maafa* in the United States – in Germany this jubilee almost went unnoticed. As CEO and artistic director of the Werkstatt der Kulturen, a cultural institution focusing on artistic, cultural and political expressions of migrant cultures in Germany, and in view of Berlin’s vast population of Africans, African-Germans, Afro-Brazilians, African-Americans, African-Europeans, and Afro-Latinos, I was determined to celebrate this anniversary. After all – Brandenburg-Prussia had also been involved in the Maafa.
One of the greatest atrocities in the history of mankind, the barbarous so-called “Transatlantic Slave Trade”, was a highly profitable business. Without forced labour, the economic value of the Americas could never have been realized. Captured and enslaved Africans “made possible the taming of the wilderness, construction of cities, excavation of mines, and the establishment of powerful plantation economies” (The Mariners’ Museum, Newport News). The European trade with human beeings led to the devastation and depopulation of Africa, and enabled the wealth and development of Europe.
Since both the violent and nonviolent resistance of Africans against European enslavement is well researched, I wanted this anniversary to be dedicated to the men and women who fought against this most abominable “trade” and counter the cynical myth of “slave docility and quiescence”. I imagined an exhibition portraying African abolitionists to be at the centre of a one-week festival entitled “200 years later …” in which films on resistance in Africa and the Americas should be shown, lectures on anti-slavery movements should be held and papers written by eminent academics from Africa and the African Diaspora should be presented, while Capoeira, Blues, Candomblé, Samba and other forms of African cultural techniques of resistance and resilience would be celebrated.
On the lookout for the ideal partner I turned to Eric van Grasdorff, CEO of AfricAvenir International, an organization with headquarters in Douala (Cameroon) dedicated to the African Renaissance. Over the years AfricAvenir has rightfully gained the reputation of being a most reliable partner, with a highly evolved expertise in presenting African films, readings, concerts, lectures and workshops as well as being the publisher of numerous readers on various African topics. Having experienced successful cooperations on several occasions in the past, we decided to once join forces.
Over and above 200 years later… would not have been possible without the generous support of a number of people participating in this event as lecturers or performers. We would therefore like to thank: His Excellency the Ambassador of Benin to UNESCO Prof. Olabiyi Babalola Yai, the Ambassador of Haiti to Germany Jean Robert Saget, the dancer Murah Soares (Brazil), the historian Prof. Ibrahima Thioub (Senegal), the writer and psychoanalyst Dr. Grada Kilomba (Sao Tomé / Principé and Portugal), the literary scholar Dr. Marie Biloa Onana (Cameroon), the sociologist Prof. Babacar Sall (Senegal), the Afro-Peruvian musician and music historian Rafael Santa Cruz (Peru), percussion-ist and singer Gilbert Abdourahmane Diop (Senegal), the singer-song writer duo Pape & Cheick (Senegal), the capoeira performers Sidney Martins, Mestre Saulo Souza and Carlos Silva (Brazil), the avantgarde trio Three Kings, featuring Haitian-African-Amer-ican guitar player Jean-Paul Bourelly, Jonas Hamond on bass (Ghana) and Marlon Browden on drums (USA), the story teller Babacar Mbaye Ndaak as well as all the pro-lific authors of this reader on acts of resistance and resilience against the Maafa.
May the ancestors rest in Peace,
Philippa Ebéné
CEO and Artistic director Werkstatt der Kulturen
Eric van Grasdorff
CEO AfricAvenir International Germany
* The Swahili word Maafa, meaning disaster, terrible occurrence or great tragedy, has replaced the highly problematic term “Transatlantic Slave Trade” within the academic discourse, as the latter serves as euphemism for the intense violence, the sustained attempt of dehumanization and the mass murder inflicted on African peoples, the complete appropriation of their lands and the destruction of African societies.

  • Preface Philippa Ebéné & Eric van Grasdorff

  • Preface Nadja Ofuatey-Rahal

  • A Continent emptied – The truth about what slavery did to Africa
    Louise Marie Diop-Maes

  • The Transatlantic Slave Trade, Slavery and Resistance
    Rosa Amelia Plumelle-Uribe

  • African Resistance to the Transatlantic Slave Trade
    Sylviane A. Diouf

  • The Middle Passage
    David Richardson

  • The Slave Trade: Resistance Strategies, Revolts, and Conspiracies in the United States
    Loren Schweninger

  • “Freedom Mus’ Come One Day”: Women & the Fight Against Slavery in the Caribbean
    Prof. Verene A. Shepherd

  • Survivals and Dynamism of African Cultures in the Americas
    Joseph Y. Olabiyi Babalola

  • African American Culture and American Culture
    Howard Dodson

  • African Survivals in the Secular Popular Culture of the Americas
    Yolande Behanzin-Joseph-Noël

  • Resilience of African Musical Elements and the Effect of Linguistic Styntax on Rhythmic Organization in Diaspora
    Kazadi wa Mukuna

  • African Religions in the Americas: A Structural Analysis
    Guérin C. Montilus

  • Reparations and Reconstruction – Lessons from How Europe Underdeveloped Africa
    Horace Campbell

  • Epilogue from the editor
    Nadja Ofuatey-Rahal

  • Serving the King and the Kingdom: Africans and Prussian Law in the 18th Century
    Paulette Reed-Anderson

  • Timeline: Resistance against the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery

  • Bibiography

  • Pictures

  • Imprint

Concept > Philippa Ebéné, Werkstatt der Kulturen, Berlin
Coordination & Implementation > Philippa Ebéné, Werkstatt der Kulturen, Berlin > Eric van Grasdorff & Judith Strohm, AfricAvenir International e. V.
Publishers > Werkstatt der Kulturen, www.werkstatt-der-kulturen.de > AfricAvenir International e. V., www.africavenir.org
Editor > Nadja Ofuatey-Rahal, Dipl. Journ.
Lector > Hannah Jordan
Research Assistance > Fabian Lehmann, Ivalu Hildmann, Lola Zuckerman, Alexandra KünzelRichard Gutmann, Stéphanie Hansoulle
Design > Nayeli Zimmermann, www.nayelizimmermann.com
Design Assistance > Verena Memczak © of the texts remains with the authors

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